Serpens for Kepler
European Consortium for the Development of Fusion Energy
EUROfusion, the ‘European Consortium for the Development of Fusion Energy’, manages and funds European fusion research activities on behalf of Euratom. The signatories of the EUROfusion consortium agreement are 26 member states of the European Union plus Switzerland as associated member. They signed the agreement on behalf of about 40 fusion laboratories, which are themselves, linked to more than 100 Third Parties. EUROfusion fund fusion research activities in accordance with the Roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy. The Roadmap outlines the most efficient way to realise fusion electricity by 2050. It is the result of an analysis of the European Fusion Programme undertaken in 2012 by the Research laboratories within EUROfusion’s predecessor agreement, the European Fusion Development Agreement, EFDA.
Scheduled finish date: 2018-12-31
In general the programme has two aims: Preparing for ITER experiments and developing concepts for the fusion power demonstration plant DEMO:
- ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is the largest fusion reactor currently under construction in the South of France in Cadarache. It will be the first magnetic confined fusion device which will produce more power than put into it (it is expected to provide 10 times more power than put into it). ITER is a worldwide endeavour with seven international partners: Europe, China, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the USA.
- DEMO (DEMOnstration Power Plant) – will be the successor of the international fusion experiment ITER and the next step on the way to provide fusion electricity. Its purpose is to develop and test technologies, physics regimes and control routines for operating a fusion reactor not as a scientific experiment, but as a power plant. One of the key criteria for DEMO is the production of electricity (albeit not at the price and the quantities of commercial power plants).